There are few things more international than architecture. In all countries of the world projects are carried out. Which ones do we look at again and again? Which do we choose to revisit? In this case we are going to show you six works done by architects - and studies - from Spain and Portugal that are a reference for us.
House no Tempo
That the house will endure over time, but uniting the past and the future and creating a quiet and timeless place. That was the request made by the owners of Casa no Tempo to his friend, the architect Manuel Aires Mateus.
Located in the Portuguese Alentejo, this house has become a reference for our studio, specialized in home. The house is fully open inside, without doors, only with blinds. All the materials used are from the area, because that is the way to make an architectural space timeless.
And to put the icing on this magical stillness that surrounds the entire estate, the pool is integrated as a small natural lake, merging with the landscape.
This rehabilitation project was carried out in 2014.
New headquarters of the DO Ribera del Duero
The intervention of architects in the world of wine has been a constant since the end of the 20th century. The once sober landscapes of vineyards and wineries have suffered a beautiful disruption with the Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava or the one that interests us here, Barozzi Veiga.
Barozzi Veiga is a study founded by the architects Alberto Veiga and Fabrizio Barozzi, whose projects include the new headquarters of the DO Ribera del Duero wine. In this work they combined the rehabilitation of a historic building built in stone with a new one. The group has managed to integrate the landscape that surrounds it, to form a whole that interprets the past into the future. And it connects with the environment with the use of stone from the area, as was done in the historic building, but giving it a new monumentality.
Roa de Duero is the population in which this work by Barozzi Veiga is located, carried out in 2010.
Pool of Mares
Álvaro de Siza set out to tame the brave Atlantic Ocean on the coast of Porto in 1966. Since that was not possible at sea, he designed saltwater pools that would bring man closer to the bravery of marine immensity without putting him at risk, allowing him to enjoy this landscape.
The pools are accommodated on the ground, which was not modified for the project, but quite the opposite. Siza created a kind of pond (two actually because there is a swimming pool for adults and another for children, which can be reached from a bar and changing rooms) that is integrated with the rocky massif of this coastline.
The materials used (exposed concrete, dark wood and oxidized copper) were installed without special treatments to achieve that over time their color formed a whole with its neighboring natural landscape.
Indeed, this list could not miss RCR Arquitectes, the Catalan studio that since 2017 is on the top of world architecture thanks to the Pritzker Prize. Of them in particular we like the Musée Solages that they performed in 2013 in the French city of Rodez.
This was a major challenge in the sense that the museum is dedicated to a living painter. In fact, he himself was in charge of promoting and deciding which proposal would be chosen. The Catalan study proposed a succession of Corten glass and steel cubes - a nod to the material that Soulages has also worked on in his work - whose rust would merge with the landscape: a park nearby and mountains in the distance.
“The museum was born from the park, which allows restructuring, revealing and clarifying it,” the architects themselves explain about their project.
Carandá music school
This project of Souto de Moura is an example of how it is possible to create a new work but at the same time allow the memory of the above to survive. Rewrite without destroying. This is what the Portuguese architect did with the Carandá Music School (Braga, Portugal) in 2011.
The new cultural space respects the legacy of the old market with the maintenance of structural elements, such as some pillars and stairs. Again, the beautiful glazed facade, which suggests - without revealing - what is behind it.
National Museum of Roman Art of Mérida
Rafael Moneo's name is already inscribed forever in the history of architecture. We could be talking here lines and lines of text about his work. But this time we are going to stop at one of his most unique and passionate projects: the National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida.
Built over six years - between 1980 and 1986 - this work has been able to do something very complicated: to perfectly fit the content with the continent. The objective, achieved by Moneo and recognized worldwide, was to build a building with the character and presence of the Roman era. And that could only be achieved thanks to the thorough work of caring for the whole as a whole.
Replicate the greatness of Roman public works, that is the legacy that Moneo has left us with this project.